7 Wonders of the Ancient World
The amazing works of art and architecture known as the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World serve as a testament to the abilities God has given human nature. All seven continue to inspire and be celebrated as the remarkable products of the creativity and skill of Earth’s early civilizations.
7. Lighthouse of Alexandria
The Lighthouse of Alexandria was located on a small island called Pharos near the city of Alexandria. It was completed around 270 B.C. during the reign of Ptolemy II, the lighthouse helped to guide Nile River ships in and out of the city’s busy harbor. Archaeologists have found ancient coins on which the lighthouse was portrayed. It was destroyed by an earthquake in the 13th century.
6. Colossus of Rhodes
It was a large bronze statue around 105 ft high, of Helios (Apollo).It was constructed by the Greeks near the harbor of a Mediterranean Island. It took Chares 12 years to complete the statues. Most believe that it portrayed Apollo standing naked while he lifted a torch with one hand and held a spear in the other. It was finished in 280 B.C. After 56 years it was destroyed by an earthquake.
5. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
This was a tomb build for King Maussollos (or Mausolus), the Persian satrap of Caria. It was constructed by Queen Artemisia in memory of her husband, who died in 353 B.C. If you go to the British Museum in London you can find some of the remains.
4. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The original Temple of Artemis was designed by the Cretan architect Chersiphron and his son Metagenes and decorated by some of the most well known artists of that time. The most fabulous of these structures were two marble temples built around 550 B.C. and 350 B.C.
3. Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The famed statue of Zeus was crafted by the Athenian sculptor Phidias and completed and placed in the temple of Zeus at Olympia, site of the ancient Olympics, around the mid-fifth century B.C. The statue was lavishly decorated with gold and ivory. The Zeus statue remained at the temple at Olympia for more than eight centuries before Christian priests convinced the Roman emperor to close the temple in the fourth century A.D. When the statue was removed, they put it in a temple in Constantinople, where it is was destroyed in a fire in the year 462.
2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon
According to ancient Greek poets, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were built near the Euphrates River in modern-day Iraq by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 B.C. The gardens were said to have been planted as high as 75 feet in the air on a huge square brick terrace that was laid out in steps like a theater. The king supposedly built the towering gardens to ease his lover Amytis’ homesickness for the natural beauty of her home in Media.
1. Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
The Great Pyramid, located at Giza on the west bank of the Nile River north of Cairo in Egypt, is the only wonder of the ancient world that has survived to the present day. For more than 4,000 years, Giza was declared as the tallest building in the world. In fact, it wasn’t until the 19th century that modern man build a taller stricter. It is still uncertain how could Egyptians build such a structure that is calculated to contain more than 2 million stone blocks that weigh from two to 30 tons each.