5-Aphrodite

9 Most Famous Mythological Figures of Ancient Greece


The Olympians are some very important figures in ancient Greece. Myths about gods and goddesses and heroes and monsters were an important part of everyday life in the Bronze Age in Greece. They explained everything from religious rituals to the weather, and they gave a whole other meaning to the world people saw around them.

Here are 9 of the most famous mythological figures of ancient Greece:

9- Athena

Athena was known as the Goddess of reason, wisdom, intelligence, skill, peace, warfare, battle strategy, and handicrafts. She is the daughter of Zeus. She was a special supporter of heroes such as Odysseus. She is the patron of the city Athens and her symbol is the olive tree.

8- Hermes

Hermes was known as the God of boundaries, travel, communication, trade and language. The son of Zeus and Maia, Hermes is the messenger of the gods, and a conductor who leads the souls of the dead into the afterlife. He held a travelers cap and his sacred animal was the tortoise.

7- Ares

Ares was known as the God of war, bloodshed, and violence. The son of Zeus and Hera, he was illustrated as a beardless youth, no clothes with a helmet. Homer portrays him as moody and unreliable, and as being the most unpopular god on earth and Olympus. He usually represents the chaos of war in contrast to Athena, a goddess of military strategy and skill.

6- Apollo

Apollo was known as the God of music, arts, knowledge, healing, plague, prophecy and poetry. He was the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis. Myths say, he was cruel and destructive, and his love affairs are rarely happy. He was often found accompanied by the Muses.

5- Aphrodite

We have heard so many stories of the Goddess of beauty, love, desire, and pleasure. In Homer’s Iliad, she is daughter of Zeus and Dione. She was married to Hephaestus, but had no children with him. She had many lovers, most notably Ares, to whom she conceived Harmonia, Phobos, and Deimos. She was also a lover to Adonis and Anchises, to whom she conceived Aeneas. She is usually portrayed as a semi-nude beautiful woman. Her special powers were those of love and desire. She had a belt that had the power to cause others to fall in love with the wearer.

4- Poseidon

Hw as identified as the God of the sea, rivers, floods, droughts, and earthquakes. He is a son of Cronus and Rhea, and the brother of Zeus and Hades. Poseidon was moody by nature, and his temperament was unstable at best, and his mood swings often resulted in violence. He and Medusa conceived the FLYING HORSE, PEGASUS, one of many Mythological creatures in ancient Greek mythology.

3- Hades

Hades was King of the underworld and the dead. God of wealth, Hades was the oldest son of the titan Cronus and Rhea and the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. Hades was said to be sterile. Gods and men loathed Hades. He was often pictured as emotionless, tough and covered in mystery. He was fair over the inhabitants of his kingdom, however, and only got angry when the souls of the dead tried to escape from his domain.

2- Hera

Hera was the Queen of the GODS and not only was she the wife of Zeus, she was also his sister. She is known for being the Goddess of Marriage & Birth. Hera was a jealous wife, and she debated with Zeus often over his many affairs and illegitimate children. For this reason, Hera was known for punishing offending husbands.

1- Zeus

Hw as known to be the King of the gods, ruler of Mount Olympus, and god of the sky, weather, thunder, lightning, law, order, and justice. The thunderbolt, eagle, bull and the oak were the symbols of Zeus. He was one of six children, and married his sister Hera. When Zeus and his brothers forcibly removed Cronus, they each became rulers. Zeus became the ruler of the sky and air; Hades became ruler of the dead; Poseidon became ruler of water.